Chinese President Xi Jinping’s visit to the US last in 2018 created a new conflict between the two countries that further divided them. Kissinger said the rivalry with China had not escalated to the same level as the US with the Soviet Union, but there were no negotiations to reduce the political conflict. Trade tensions between the US and China have escalated in recent months, bringing growing American concerns about China’s influence on the global economy and to the forefront of the global debate. President Donald Trump’s threat to launch a trade war between the United Nations Security Council and Chinese President Xi Jinping escalated after Trump threatened tariffs on Chinese imports and declared a national emergency to bar Huawei from the US market. For starters, it is wrong to assume that Donald Trump’s Twitter tirade against China was extraordinary even by his standards.
In a series of outbursts, Trump accused the country of killing 100,000 Americans a year with imported fentanyl, stealing hundreds of billions of intellectual property and ordering US companies to stop doing business with China. Trump acted amid a tirade against China’s human rights record and economic policies. The attack marks a new low in Sino-American relations and is likely to escalate into a trade war that is already unsettling investors, manufacturers, and economists, as a dispute between the two economic superpowers could trigger a recession. National security experts said companies with close ties to the Chinese government could be dangerous because their equipment could have been used to shut down critical communications networks in a future conflict. China denied the allegations in a 67-page document, “China – US Trade and Economic Cooperation in the 21st Century,” published last September. The Chinese Embassy forwarded the document to CNET when asked how the US rates its efforts to transform its economy. According to the report, there have been concerns about unfair trade practices that have led to a number of trade disputes between the two countries in recent years. According to the report, the future of US-China relations is and will remain crucial to the long-term stability and prosperity of both countries and the world. The news surrounding Huawei and other Chinese technology companies suggests that bilateral tensions between the two countries have expanded beyond a damaging trade war and are headed toward a fierce rivalry over technology and innovation. According to the report, it is possible that the US and China will conclude a close trade agreement and ease tensions between them by the end of the year. In the long run, however, geopolitical experts warn that China and the US appear to be falling into the Thucydidean trap, which describes how war between the two countries is inevitable, even as both nations try their best to avoid it. Xi has not responded to Trump’s announcement of a trade war with an open pivot to a more confrontational strategy. What is certain is that China’s basic strategy against the United States has changed, because Xi is willing to compete openly in ways that create friction. China’s military modernization has made great strides since the mid-to-late 1990s, but it is also a fact that it aims to limit the US military’s influence in the South China Sea and elsewhere, and that China is making efforts to erode the US’s traditional military advantage in Asia. Chinese statements and actions in recent years generally suggest that they are now more willing to use their capabilities to advance their external interests without provoking a confrontation with the United States, with which they, like Deng, have been playing for some time.
For the US, China’s strategic advantages in terms of military capabilities and economic and political influence over its neighbors have not been sufficient to narrow the overall gap in relative capabilities. China’s military advantage is further emphasized and reinforced by the deployment of emerging defense and trade technologies, such as the People’s Liberation Army Air Force and the People’s Liberation Army Navy, and by the development of advanced missile-defense systems, further exacerbating the security dilemma. The likelihood of waging war with China in the South China Sea and elsewhere, as well as in other parts of Asia, is rising rapidly, to the point that US forces could face defeat by the Chinese military in a plausible scenario. Whereas China has been reluctant to tolerate the US alliance’s activities in the past, it will now be more likely to increase pressure on US allies to take what it sees as undermining its interests. In 2016, China reduced Taiwan’s diplomatic allies and increased its military and economic influence in Taiwan and other parts of the region. Tensions between mainland China and Taiwan have not abated, despite the growing challenge of ensuring that a potential conflict with Taiwan remains a motivating feature of US-China relations. China is also interfering in Taiwan’s politics, using economic incentives to influence voting blocs at the local level.